what happened at mount sinai in the bible

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April 12, 2019

It was a totally unique event in all of human history. For example, E never refers to Mount Sinai as such, but speaks of “the mountain” or “the mountain of God.” E’s version is characterized, as E is elsewhere, by distinctly prophetic features. [9] See Menahem Haran, “The Shining of Moses’ Face—A Case Study in Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Iconography,” in In the Shelter of Elyon: Essays on Ancient Palestinian Life and Literature in Honor of G.W. (17) The Majesty of the LORD appeared in the sight of the Israelites as a consuming fire on the top of the mountain. The location of the Mount Sinai described in the Bible remains disputed. Like other J narratives in the Torah, the J passages here are characterized by bold anthropomorphism, with YHWH’s descent on the mountain (Exodus 19:20), the great danger of his bursting forth (Exodus 19:22), the explicit prohibition of gazing on him (Exodus 19:21), and the open references to his face, posterior and feet (Exodus 24:10, 33:23). 9.) Thus the story of J’s covenant, as well as J’s brief law code, became part of the calf cycle; henceforth, J’s covenant took on the appearance of a “covenant renewal”—though it is never referred to that way. Booming thunder and bolts of lightning accompany Moses as he descends the cloud-covered Mount Sinai, bearing aloft two heavy tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments. Ten months after arriving at Sinai, the Israelites complete the portable abode for the deity, and Moses dutifully deposits the testimony in the magnificent ark (Exodus 40:20). (1) Moses convoked the whole Israelite community and said to them, “These are the things that the LORD has commanded… (4) take from among you gifts… and make all that the LORD has commanded: the tabernacle, its tent….”, (34) …the cloud covered the Tent of Meeting, and the Majesty of the LORD filled the tabernacle. For all its detail, this lengthy narrative abounds in incongruities and other difficulties. And when Moses ascends to have the second set of tables inscribed, why is he given yet another covenant and another small collection of laws (Exodus 34:10–26), almost all of which duplicate the laws given earlier? (9) And the LORD said to Moses, “I am going to come to you in a thick cloud, in order for the people to overhear Me speaking with you and so believe in you ever after.”. (Edinburgh: T & T Clark 1913), pp. Introduction: After crossing the Red Sea at the Straits of Tiran, Israel entered the Wilderness of Shur. As the Israelites grow uneasy over the delay in Moses’ return from Mount Sinai the first time, they suspect that he is but an ordinary, fallible mortal (33:1). After the Decalogue has been heard, Moses alone, at the people’s request, remains on the mountain for God to tell him the actual laws. Only two major points are changed. P originally continued immediately with “As Moses came down from Mount Sinai with the testimony in his hand”; the words “two tablets of the” have been added in this verse (Exodus 34:29) by the redactor. (7) Then he took the written covenant and read it aloud to the people. [Leviticus 1] (1) So He called to Moses. The theophany as described in J takes place all at once on the third day. The … Moses is then told to ascend the mountain once more, this time to receive the monumental evidence of the encounter at Sinai, namely, the two stone tablets written by God (Exodus 24:12). [2] See Moshe Greenberg, “nsh in Exodus 20:30 and the Purpose of the Sinaitic Theophany,”Journal of Biblical Literature 79 (1960), pp. Only in three places does the traditional text refer to the “two tablets of the testimony” (Exodus 31:18a, 32:15, 34:29), and all three occur at precisely the points where P has been merged with E. In my opinion, P originally contained a continuous passage that began as follows: “When he finished speaking with him on Mount Sinai, he gave Moses the testimony.” In E’s narrative, immediately following Exodus 24:18b, E told of a similar event: “He then gave Moses two tablets, stone tablets which had been inscribed by the finger of God.” The redactor combined the two into one verse, Exodus 31:18. 2 They pulled away from Rephidim and came to the wilderness of Siʹnai and camped in the wilderness. Moses would speak, God responding to him with. The full story—what I call the canonical account—of the giving of the law begins with the Israelites’ arrival at the foot of Mount Sinai (Exodus 19). Then the rest of the law code is unfolded a section at a time by the voice speaking to Moses from within the tent. The entire purpose of the event was for the people to overhear God speaking with Moses. Built on or near the site of Solomon ’ s summons, saw. 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