advantages of elastomeric impression materials

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April 12, 2019

Regular or heavy bodied. Polyvinyl siloxane and polyether impression materials remain dimensionally accurate … General Comments – Impression materials are used to make replicas (models or casts) of t eeth and other oral tissues. Elastic impression materials can be further divided into hydrocolloid and elastomeric impression. While conventional elastomeric impression materials are still being used to generate excellent impressions, the future of impression-taking is undoubtedly with digital intraoral scanners. 6 Rearrangement of the bonds and release of volatile byproducts during polymerization account for the shrinkage. These materials have different physical properties, and each has certain advantages or disadvan- tages when compared with each other. It was the first type of silicone impression material. Silicone Elastomeric Impression materials + Dental Materials No comments. CONDENSATION SILICONES. Impressions are a vital component in the fabrication of fixed dental prostheses. c. Coated with adhesive. Composition: Base paste. The differences between impression materials, as outlined above, are the materials themselves and the purpose they are used for. elastomeric impression materials. In order to take advantage of the properties of both PVS and PE impression materials, a new generation of impression material, called vinyl polyether silicone (VPES, GC) is being developed. A. less than 1 hour B. What type of impression tray is required with reversible hydrocolloid impressions? c. Less time is spent on infection control. They concluded that the advantage of elastomeric impression material is that they may be poured serially (repeatedly) and will still maintain the accuracy. However, a flexible impression material could make these two impressions, in addition to impressions of single teeth or a full dentulous arch. Rigid impression materials (dental compound, zinc oxide–eugenol impression paste) are described in Appendix 8-1. PLAY. Popularity of Reversible Hydrocolloid ( Agar ) – With the various advantages and disadvantages of reversible hydrocolloid material, one would expect dentistry to have a love–hate relationship with this material. Addition Silicones – Addition silicones are the most popular type of elastomeric impression material, especially for crown and bridge impressions. Syringe-type or wash-type Has the ability to flow into and around the details of the prepared tooth. Adequate mechanical properties ensure that the impression material can withstand various stresses upon removal, while maintaining dimensional stability and integrity. Unfortunately, for many clinicians, making an impression for fixed prostheses is one of the challenging aspects in restorative dentistry. The impression can further be hardened by placing it in cold water after use. DISCUSSION Elastomeric impression materials are widely used in dentistry today. Elastomeric Impression Materials market Size by Type: It includes analysis of value, product utility, market percentage, and production market share by type. What is an advantage of using an elastomeric impression material over an irreversible hydrocolloid? Vinyl Polysiloxane Ether: A Breakthrough in Elastomeric Impression Material 1Rohit Mohan Shetty, 2Ganesh R Bhandari, 3Deepak Mehta ABSTRACT A meticulous impression is paramount for a precision fit of indirect restoration. Each of the materials has advantages and disadvantages, but they are each used for a different purpose and are effective and commonly used products in dentistry today. How is the impression tray prepared for an elastomeric impression? Spell. makenna_hegseth. Impression compound is a thermoplastic material; it is presented as a sheet of material, which is warmed in hot water (> 55–60 °C) for one minute, and loaded on a tray prior to impression taking. Gravity. Advances in scanning systems are making this technology easier to use and more practical for dentists. – Alginate Impression materials are termed “irreversible impression materials” because they will not reverse to the sol state once they react and become a gel. – They have similar, but not identical, mixing and handling properties. An understanding of the physical characteristics and the limitations of each material is mandatory for the successful use of these ma- terials. 5. Dimensional steadiness and exactness of vinyl polysiloxane (VPS) elastomeric impression materials have resulted into their wide spread usage in restorative dentistry. 1 The amount of shrinkage is lower with polyvinyl siloxane materials compared to polyether materials. a. Advantages Disadvantages Recommended uses Precautions Polysulfide polymer High tear strenght Easier to pour than elastomers Messy Unpleasant odor Long setting time Stabiliy only fair Most impressions Pour with in 1 hour Allow 10 minutes to set Addition Silicone Dimensional stability … ELASTOMERIC IMPRESSIONS VPS, an addition reaction silicone impression material or C-Silicone impression material, offers a number of distinct advantages for making definitive impressions during complete denture therapy, including: Manufacturers provide a series of materials from which to choose that possess different 6- Silicon duplicating material is used for making refractory cast. Learn. STUDY. – Another shortcoming of these materials is their poor tear strength compared with non aqueous elastomeric impression materials. C. greater dimensional accuracy. Once in the mouth, the material will harden and record the detail of the soft tissues. d. Final impressions are taken by the: dentist. Water-cooled. The impressions made of addition silicone and polyether was accurate after one week and possibly longer. These retain the advantages of traditional alginates and avoid some of their disadvantages. The choice will depend on the particular requirements of each individual case. the extruder gun insert is either catalyst of base. Also known as conventional silicones. – In dentistry, we take impressions of teeth and their supporting structur es. Created by. The elastic impression materials are subdivided into hydrocolloid and elastomeric impression materials. – They are clean and do not have an unpleasant taste or smell. No mixing saves materials. ELASTOMERIC IMPRESSION MATERIALS IN PROSTHODONTICS KEYF Table 1: Elastic impression materials. – Addition silicone impression materials are also called vinyl polysiloxanes and […] ese properties were consistent with the results as the retention of the mandibular denture fabricated a er nal impression with elastomeric impression showed the However, the introduction of elastomeric impression materials in the field of prosthodontics that offered the advantages of accuracy and dimensional stability substantially upgraded both the impression accuracy and the quality of the final restoration. An advantage of using an elastometric impression material over an irreversible hydrocolloid is it: ... elastomeric materials use an automix system. – They are the most accurate, stable, and expensive impression materials. Profiles of Manufacturers: Here, commanding players of the global Elastomeric Impression Materials market are studied based on sales area, key products, gross margin, revenue, price, and production. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (37) Elastomeric impressions. They concluded that the advantage of elastomeric impression material is that they may be poured serially (repeatedly) and will still maintain the accuracy. The impression gives a ___ reproduction of tissue. These supporting structures include gingiva, a lveolar bone or residual ridge, hard and soft palate, and frenums, which are muscle attachments. Flashcards. both statements are correct . The visco-elastic properties of a number of set elastomeric impression materials were determined using a torsional pendulum apparatus i.e. Elastomeric Impressions. Not surprisingly, impression materials that are flexible when set are used most frequently. – They have advantages and disadvantages similar to those of reversible hydrocolloid materials because both types of materials are predominantly water. Match. Which is an advantage of an automix unit system for impressions? self cured or chemical cured, a catalyst and a base, Light bodied. Bubbles are produced in gypsum dies if poured within which time period? The impressions made of addition silicone and polyether was accurate after one week and possibly longer. All elastomeric impression materials experience shrinkage during setting. Four polysulfide materials produced dies which were larger than the teeth and generally increased in size with impression storage time. Four classes of elastomeric impression materials (polysulfide, polyether, silicone, and agar-agar) were evaluated on the basis of linear dimensional stability as a function of time between taking and pouring an impression of mounted teeth. This single impression allows the operator to record the prepared tooth, adjacent teeth, and opposing teeth in elastomeric impression material in the Maximum Intercuspal Position (MIP) and reduces the effects of clinical variables as mandibular flexure and tooth intrusion, technical variables as dimensional alterations in materials, and practical errors during articulation. A. less expensive B. reversible process C. greater dimensional accuracy D. best material for study models . Elastomeric materials include polysulfide, polyether, condensation-cured silicone, and addition-cured silicone. 3- Impression of edentulous mouth for complete dentures. b. It increases productivity. – One very important difference between types of elastomeric impression materials is the adhesive that is used to bond the impression material to a non perforated tray. Impression Materials A. Both are able to engage undercuts and may be used in edentulous, partially dentate and fully dentate patients. 4- Polyether is used for border molding of special tray. These elastomeric impression materials are combinations of VPS and PE and are promoted as hydrophilic materials that presumably maintain the stability and characteristics of the parent products [12, 13]. d. All of these are advantages. Write. With elastomeric impression materials such as polyvinyl siloxane, polyether, and polysulfide, the dimensional accuracy is usually time dependent, with greater dimensional accuracy occurring immediately after polymerization is complete but declining as the impression is stored for extended periods of time . Hydrocolloid materials include agar, which is reversible, and alginate, which is irreversible. Test. Setting occurs in room temp , so called as RTV silicones. 5- For bite registration. THE IMPRESSION MATERIAL I USE FOR INDIRECT RESTORATIVE PROCEDURES A number of properties and characteristics need to be considered when selecting an impression material, although it is generally accepted that many of today’s materials function satisfactorily and that no one material is necessarily superior to the others across the range of – They all undergo cross-linking and chain lengthening polymerization reactions. Elastomeric impression material has the advantage of single step border moulding using putty and accurately recording the minute details during nal impression using light body. While conventional elastomeric impression materials, as outlined above, are the most accurate, stable, and,! Terms in this set ( 37 ) elastomeric impressions impression material, especially for and. 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